Wood Identification Guide. Confirm it is actually solid wood. Look at the grain color. Look at the grain pattern. Consider the weight and hardness of the wood. Consider the source. Find the x-factor. Look at the endgrain..Explore the woods, break out of the ordinary. Identifying and using hundreds of woods worldwide.. - Here 's what to look for when identifying pine, oak, maple, and walnut. Maple is also known for having unusual and varied grain patterns, .