Despite recognition that periconceptional folic acid supplementation in reproductive age women decreases the risk of fetal neural defects NTDs , these malformations remain the second most common serious fetal birth defect in the United States, surp.ed only by conheart defects..Spina bifida is a birth defect where there is incomplete closing of the backbone and mem.nes around the spinal cord. There are three main types: spina bifida occulta, meningocele, and myelomeningocele. The most common location is the lower back, but in rare cases it may be the middle back or neck. Occulta has no or only mild signs. .A comprehensive and integrated approach to the role of magnetic resonance imaging MRI of thein in neonatology. MRI is becoming increasingly available to clinicians and has been shown to have major advantages over ultrasound as an aid to diagnosis..A birth defect, also known as a condisorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause. Birth defects may result in disabilities that may be physical, intellectual, or developmental. The disabilities can range from mild to severe. Birth defects are divided into two main types: structural disorders in which there are .
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