Identifying Human Chromosomes

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Chromosome Map. Our genetic information is stored in 23 pairs of chromosomes that vary widely in size and shape. Chromosome 1 is the largest and is over three times bigger than chromosome 22. The 23rd pair of chromosomes are two special chromosomes, X and Y, that determine our..

Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal and plant cells. Each chromosome is made of protein and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA . P.ed from parents to offspring, DNA contains the specific instructions that make each type of living creature unique..Chromosomeysis of human cells is used to identify aberrations of chromosome number and structure. These areociated with developmental or reproductive abnormalities and cancer.ysis usually involves an examination of stained chromosomes in dividing cells under the light microscope..Chromosomes come in pairs. Each human body cell actually has 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 of these DNA strands. Half of your chromosomes come from your mother, while the other half comes from your father..1. Describe how the X and Y chromosomes different from each other in appearance. Drag one chromosome from subject A down into the area labeled Identify. Use the left and right arrows to compare the chromosome you picked with chromosomes and also with X and Y..

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