There are a great many species of boletes, and identifying them ranges from relatively easy to profoundly difficult. In most cases you will need to have fresh .Identifying Boletus Mushrooms. Almost all members of the larger Boletaceae family have pores ors instead of gills which make them an easy family to identify. 1. Make sure you have a Bolete, an upright mushroom with a stem and with sponge like pores instead of gills under the . - Since we 're coming into mushroom foraging season again, it 's time to share what I 've learned about how to identify an edible bolete mushroom . - A common and easy to identify family of mushrooms is the Boletus family. This is a large genus of mushrooms which is actually split into a few .